It is also known as the caveman diet.
This relatively easy diet chimes in perfectly with some of 2018’s diet trends. Also known as the Paleolithic diet, this eating pattern calls for a high intake of protein and unsaturated fat. It advocates eating lean meat, vegetables, fish, nuts, oil and fruits. The catch is that you will have to restrict your consumption of dairy, sugar, legumes and grains.
Caroline Blomquist from the Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine at Umeå University in Sweden ran a study comparing how two different weight loss diets sustain weight loss efforts in women.
As women who are in the menopause stage have an increased risk of obesity due to their reduced production of oestrogen, she employed 70 overweight postmenopausal women as subjects for her two-year study.
Half of the participants were put on a Nordic Nutrition Recommendations diet while the remaining half were advised to follow a Paleolithic diet pattern for a period of two years. The women were allowed to eat as much as they wanted to, as long as their food choices fit within the specific compositions of their diets.
At the end of the study, the results revealed that the women on the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations diet faced an average of 6 kilograms of weight loss while the women on the Paleolithic diet lost an average of 9 kilograms.
The women in the Paleolithic diet group saw a significant reduction in their abdominal fat as well as a reduced level of fatty acids in their blood which decreased their risk of getting type 2 diabetes or other cardiovascular diseases.
Although the women in the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations diet also faced positive health benefits, the benefits that the Paleolithic dieters enjoyed were more remarkable in comparison.
The Nordic Nutrition Recommendations diet promotes including lots of fish, meat, dairy, vegetables and fruits into your food plan. It also allows for carbohydrates like potatoes and cereal, as long as dieters focus on the consumption of whole foods while restricting processed items.
The Paleolithic diet is stricter in comparison as it requires the elimination of dairy, legumes and grains. However, you may follow a modified version of it by reducing the portion of refined grains or dairy you eat with your meals.
Whichever diet you might consider following the future, cutting out refined grains and added sugars is the best way to attain your weight loss goals. It is also very important that you consult a Nutritionist or General Practitioner before beginning on a specific diet as they can expertly assess your individualised condition and goals before approving a Paleolithic diet for you.